37 kms from
Agra is built a city predominantly in Red Sandstone and is called Fatehpur Sikri. This town was built by the Mughal Emperor, Akbar. He
had planned this city as his capital but shortage of water compelled
him to abandon the city. After this within 20 years, the capital of Mughals was shifted to Lahore.
Fatehpur Sikri was built during 1571 and 1585. Today this ghost city
has a population of about 30,000. This deserted city has retained many
of the old structures, because of the efforts of the Archaeological
Fatehpur Sikri is one of the finest examples of Mughal architectural
splendour at its height. Though the city is in ruins, it is a place to
visit if one comes to Agra.But in real terms Fatehpur Sikri is a place
where one should spend some time. The sunset over the ruins is sight
Fatehpur Sikri is the best example of the culmination of Hindu and
Muslim architecture. Fatehpur Sikri Mosque is said to be a copy of the
mosque in Mecca and has designs, derived from the Persian & Hindu
Agra Airport is the
nearest airport and is well connected with all major cities of
Agra Railway Station is
the nearest rail station and is well connected with all major
states & cities of India.
NH-11 connects Agra and
The journey to the royal palace begins with Diwan-I-Am or the Hall Of
Public Audience. This hall was also used for celebrations and public
prayers. It has cloisters on three sides of a rectangular courtyard.
To the west is a pavilion with the Emperor’s throne. Beautiful jali
screen on either sides separated the ladies attending the court.
To the right is an apparently looking two storeyed building, with
corner kiosks, known as diwan-khana-I-khaas or Hall Of Private
Audience. On entering it, one finds only a single vaulted chamber. In
the centre stands a profusely carved column supporting a collosal-bracketed
capital. Four narrow causeways project from the centre and run to each
corner of the chamber. It is believed that Akbar’s throne occupied the
circular space over the capital and the corners were assigned to the
Turkish Sultana’s House
To the left of the Pachisi Board is the Turkish Sultana’s house. The
house, as its location at the corner of Anup Talao shows, was a
pavilion for repose, attached to the pool. The geometrical pattern on
the ceiling is reminiscent of Central Asian carvings in wood.
To the left of the Diwan-I-Khaas is the Treasury or Ankh Michauli,
once believed to have been used for playing the game, comprising three
rooms each protected by a narrow corridor which were manned by guards.
Located in the corner to the left is the emperor’s private chamber. It
has two main rooms on the ground floor. One housed Akbar’s library
while the larger room was his resting area. On the first floor is the
Khwabgah or the bed-chamber. It was connected with the Turkish
Sultana’s house, the Panch Mahal, Mariam’s House and the Jodha Bai’s
palace by corridors.
Palace of Jodha Bai
To the left of the Sunehra Makan is the largest and the most important
building in the royal palace, named after Akbar’s Rajput wife, Jodha
Bai. This spacious palace was assured of privacy and security by high
walls and a 9 metre guarded gate to the east. The architecture is a
blend of styles with Hindu columns and Muslim cupolas.
Hawa Mahal And Nagina Masjid
To the right of Jodha Bai’s palace is Hawa Mahal, the Palace of Winds.
This small-screened wind tower faces the garden and is attached to the
palace. The garden is laid out in the Char Bagh style with straight
walls intersecting at right angles and divided by shallow channels.
To the north west of the Jodha Bai’s Palace is the 2 storeyed palace
occupied by Akbar’s two senior queens- ruqnayya begum and salima
sultan begum. It has two storeys-four rooms and two porches with
pyramidical roofs below and two rooms with cupolas and screened
terraces above. The building combines hindu and muslim atyles of
Opposite to the Diwan-I-Khas is the palace of Akbar’s Rajput wife,
Mariam-Uz-Zamani. This two-storied building is richly adorned by gold
murals in Persian style. The beams have inscriptions of verses by
Akbar’s brother, Faizi.
To the right of Sunehra Makan is the elegant, airy 5 storeyed
pavilion, the Panch Mahal. Each floor over here is smaller than the
one below and it rises to a single domed kiosk on top supported by
four columns providing a magnificent view of the city and its
Dargah Of Sheikh Salim Chisti
To the North of the Mosque is the Dargah of Shaikh Salim Chishti. This
Dargah was built in 1570. Here, childless women come for blessings of
the saint. Even Akbar was blessed with three sons, when he came here.
The lattice work in the Dargah is among the finest to be found any
where in India.
The Jami Masjid
One of the largest mosques in India, Jami Masjid was built in 1571 AD.
Inside, there is a vast congregational courtyard. To the right, at the
corner, is the Jammat Khana Hall and next ot this is the tomb of the
royal ladies. To the left of the Jami Masjid is the Stone Cutters’
mosque, the oldest place of worship at Fatehpur Sikri. It is entered
through the eastern entrance known as the Buland Darwaza.
This gate can be approached from the outside by a 13-metre flight of
steps which adds to its grandeur. The gate erected in 1602 AD to
commemorate Akbar’s victory over Deccan is the highest and grandest
gateway in India and ranks among the biggest in the world.
ITC Mughal Sheraton
Hotel Grand Imperial
Hotel Mansingh Palace
Hotel Clark Shiraz
Hotel Howard Park Plaza
Hotel Pushp Villa
hh - heritage hotel ; ph -
palace hotel ; bh - boutique hotel ; gh - guest house ; hs - home stay