capital of India, Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh is a major center for
spiritualism, mysticism, Hinduism and Indian philosophy. Also known as
Benares and Kashi, Varanasi is one of the oldest surviving cities
worldwide and an important pilgrimage destination not only for Hindus,
but for Buddhists and Jains as well.
Home to numerous Hindu temples, ashrams and ghats, which are among the
main attractions for visitors, Varanasi also boasts of several
Buddhist Stupas and Jain temples. A melting pot of Indian
civilization, Varanasi receives hordes of pilgrims and devotees every
year from all corners of the world, who are attracted by the religious
places and other attractions of the town.
Since time immemorial, Varanasi has continued to be an important
cultural and religious centre in northern India. Besides, the city is
also famous for the Benares Gharana (school) of Indian classical music
developed here. Another prominent feature about Varanasi is that the
town houses the distinguished Banaras Hindu University. At various
points of time in history, Varanasi served home to many an eminent
Indian philosopher, poet, writer, and musician. The local people of
Varanasi are famous as advocates of literature, music, Vedic
philosophy, arts, crafts and architecture.
Varanasi Airport is well
connected with all major cities of India.
Varanasi Railway Station
is well connected with Delhi, Calcutta, Mumbai and all major
cities of India.
Varanasi is well
connected to all major cities of Uttar Pradesh.
Holy River Ganges
Since Varanasi is mainly associated with Hinduism, temples form the
main attraction. The Ganga Ghats (river fronts) are the main center of
religious activities and rituals and also form one of the main
attractions of Varanasi.
Bharat Kala Bhavan
Bharat Kala Bhavan, located inside the BHU campus, is an art and
architecture museum and houses a vast collection of paintings, Hindu
and Buddhist sculptures and other materials of archeological
importance. The Bharat Kala Bhavan was established in the year 1920
A.D. In the main hall of the Bharat Kala Bhawan, there is a figure of
a man standing on one leg and one hand on his hip and lifting a mass
of stone above his head, with one hand. The figure is said to be of
Lord Krishna, lifting Mount Govardhana. Many images in the Bharat Kala
Bhavan confirm to the existence of Krishna cult in Kashi in 15th and
Banaras Hindu University
The Banaras Hindu University or BHU is an internationally reputed
University and is situated in Varanasi. The great nationalist leader,
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, founded the Banaras Hindu University in
the year 1916. Dr Annie Besant also played an important role in the
formation of the BHU. The Banaras Hindu University played an important
role in the Indian independence movement. Over a period of time, it
has developed into one of the greatest centers of learning in India.
The BHU has produced many great freedom fighters and Nation builders.
It has immensely contributed to the progress of the nation through a
large number of renowned scholars, artists and scientists.
Jantar Mantar is an observatory, built by Jai Singh, the Maharaja of
Jaipur in the year 1737. Jai Singh was a great admirer of science and
technology and he was particularly passionate about astronomy. Before
the commencement of construction (of observatories) he sent scholars
abroad to study the foreign observatories. The emissaries returned
with many manuals on astronomy. The Jantar Mantar at Varanasi was
built in line with Delhi, Mathura, Ujjain and Jaipur observatories.
The Ramnagar fort lies about 14 km. from Varanasi and is situated on
the opposite bank of river Ganga. It is the ancestral home of the
Maharaja of Banaras. Maharaja Balwant Singh built this fort-palace in
the eighteenth century. The fort is built in red sandstone. The
Ramnagar fort has a temple and a museum within the grounds and the
temple is dedicated to Ved Vyasa, who wrote Mahabharata, the great
Indian epic. Legends have it that Ved Vyasa stayed here for a brief
hh - heritage hotel ; ph -
palace hotel ; bh - boutique hotel ; gh - guest house ; hs - home stay